It is the general term that refers to substances given to humans or animals by the purpose of treating, preventing or diagnosing a disease. Drugs are used to alleviate pain or other uncomfortable conditions, to correct and control the abnormal states of the mind and body. not necessary.
Pharmaceutical Production Sites
Drug in the pharmacy;
Produced by the pharmacist, packaged, controlled.GMP depends on the pharmacist’s knowledge and experience. Control is easy because the production is very small.
Pharmaceuticals in industry;
(Research-Development) There are sections.In addition to employees should be supervisor.Onayla, Kartotexlerin must also be found.Documents must be stored for a certain period.Air company is produced in a very large volume.It is part of the business.Production, quality control, packaging, R & D preparation purity should be checked in terms of quantification, production steps and drug content.
There are three separate parts when producing a drug:
1) Quality Safety
3) Quality Control
* Quality: It is called the formula, specification and analysis and compliance with GMP rules.
1) Quality Safety:
All arrangements made to determine whether the preparation is of the desired quality.
Purpose; Performing certain processes, monitoring, conformity of products to specifications and searching for certain properties in complete product.
-Preparation should contain the right ingredients in the right ratio.
Must be of the desired purity.
-According to certain processes should be produced correctly.
– Appropriate container, cover should be used.
-The label should be appropriate.
– It should be kept in the warehouse correctly until distribution.
The drug is a natural, semisynthetic or synthetic chemical preparation which is given to living organisms by various methods of application, which makes it possible to diagnose, cure or reduce the symptoms of a disease by its effect on the living cell, or to treat it. Commercial drugs are produced by pharmaceutical companies and are often patented. The drugs whose active substance has expired and which can be produced by more than one company are called generic drugs. Drugs can be classified according to route of administration, chemical properties and biological systems affected. The more reliable and widely used classification system is the Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical Classification System (ATC system).
The pathway through the digestive tract of drugs into the blood is called the anteral path. In addition, the injection, such as buğuseptil parenteral way of taking the drug is called.
There is no connection between the chemical structure of the drugs and their physiological effects. For example; alcohols have both hypnotic, analgesic and antibiotic effects. Various amines can also have analgesic, antihistaminic and antimalerial effects. Therefore drugs are generally classified according to their physiological effects:
1. Drugs affecting the nervous system
1. Drugs affecting the central nervous system
1. Anesthetic drugs
2. Hypnotic and sedative drugs
3. Analgesic drugs
2. Drugs affecting the peripheral nervous system
3. Drugs affecting the autonomic nervous system
2. Drugs affecting the cardiovascular system
3. Drugs affecting the digestive system and intestines
4. Drugs affecting the respiratory system
5. Chemotherapeutic drugs
6. Vitamins and hormones
7. Disinfectant and antiseptic drugs
The drug consists of two parts:
1. Active substance (drog): It is a mixture of one or more chemical substances that show physiological effect in living things.
2. Carrier (liquid): These are substances that do not have physiological effects (such as glucose, paraffin, glycerin) so that the active substance can be easily taken up or dosed by the patient.
Drugs show their effects according to the route of administration in two ways:
1. Local effect: It is the effect of the drug in the region where it is applied.
2. Systemic effect: The effect of the drug on the organism after spreading into the blood and spreading to the tissues.
All substances used against diseases to benefit from the regulating effect of various body functions are called drugs. Some drugs provide protection against diseases with this effect; some suppress symptoms of illness, such as pain or fever; some of them directly cure diseases by eliminating the causes. In addition, substances that are used without any illnesses, for example only to sleep or to feel better, are drugs; because it creates this sensation by affecting the nervous system. In addition, toxic substances used against pests such as insects and rodents are also called pesticides or pesticides. Of course, the effect and use of these substances do not really fit the definition of the drug; but in a sense, they protect plant health by preventing diseases that can be transmitted by agricultural pests.