Pain can be an important symptom of the disease. The first thing to do in this case, to consult a physician to investigate the cause of pain. If the physician deems it necessary, he or she may recommend the use of a medicine appropriate for the person’s clinical condition for pain control. Painkillers used unconsciously beyond the control of the physician may suppress the pain, causing the diagnosis or omission of the disease. Therefore, the patient should consult his / her physician when using pain medication and use the pain medication according to the prescription of the physician. Painkillers should be obtained from the pharmacy on a doctor’s prescription and should not be obtained or used in other ways.
Depending on the individual and the condition of the disease, the accompanying diseases and the drugs used, the group of painkillers to be preferred and the dose vary. It should be remembered that unconsciously used painkillers may harm the person.
The most common side effects of painkillers are digestive tract problems. This group of painkillers can cause serious problems such as bleeding in the digestive tract, ulcer development, stomach or intestinal perforation.
In addition, these painkillers can cause fatal clot-related events in the cardiovascular system, leading to an increased risk of heart attack and stroke. It should be kept in mind that blood pressure (blood pressure), which is controlled by treatment, can be increased with the use of this group of painkillers.
Some painkillers, especially in asthma patients, may aggravate the disease and cause the patient to have an asthma attack. Much attention should be paid to the use of painkillers in this group of patients.
Unconscious painkillers can cause damage to many organs, especially the kidneys and liver.
The use of analgesics in pediatric patients, pregnancy and lactation should be under the supervision of a physician.
Nowadays, there are a wide variety of medications used as painkillers whose chemical and physical properties may vary considerably. Each of these is used for different purposes, different uses, different doses. A painkiller that is good for someone may not be good for someone else and may even harm it. Therefore, medication should not be recommended to anyone else.
Other medicines and herbal products used before taking painkillers should be informed to the physician. It should be noted that these drugs and products may interfere with painkillers and increase the risk of side effects.
If an unexpected situation is encountered during the use of painkillers, the physician or pharmacist should be consulted.
In cases where painkillers should be used, some of the things that should be done to ensure the rational use of this drug are summarized below;
We should use the painkiller under medical supervision. We should have sufficient general knowledge about the information written in the instructions for use (formerly the package insert) of this drug, which is frequently consumed in the community and whose names are well-known in some sub-groups. We should warn our relatives who think that they are using painkillers wrongly and have them apply to a physician or pharmacist.
Provided that they remain faithful to the above framework, patients should be able to perform these treatments in a rational / conscious manner while strictly following the issues listed below. In this case, the patient’s duties;
The physician must learn what the disease / symptoms that require the use of painkillers.
He should learn from his physician why he needs painkillers.
If he / she needs painkiller treatment, he / she should seek advice from his / her physician about non-drug treatments and recommendations (eg weight control, light exercise, nonsmoking, some food and drinks, etc.) including some lifestyle changes. They should remember that some of the things they used to know about this may be wrong or incomplete.
When determining pain relief and, if necessary, treatment with other drugs, he should assist his physician and provide adequate answers to his questioning about the treatment and the suitability of the drug.
What is the name of the painkiller prescribed to him,
For what effect (s) this drug should be used, when it will show its effect, how long it will last,
How to use this medicine (how many times per day, how much, at what times of day, before / after meals, for how many days),
How this drug can interact with other medicines and their current health status,
What side effects this drug may have,
What side effects he should face, what he should do,
Whether there are specific rules that must be followed when using this medicine,
In which cases should the doctor or pharmacist re-consult about drug treatment,
Whether or not to come to the control during or after treatment should be elucidated;